When a browser reads a style sheet, it will format the HTML document according to the information in the style sheet.
Three Ways to Insert CSS
There are three ways of inserting a style sheet:
External Style Sheet
With an external style sheet, you can change the look of an entire website by changing just one file!
Each page must include a reference to the external style sheet file inside the <link> element. The <link> element goes inside the <head> section:
An external style sheet can be written in any text editor. The file should not contain any html tags. The style sheet file must be saved with a .css extension.
Here is how the "myStyle.css" looks:
Note: Do not add a space between the property value and the unit (such as
margin-left: 20 px;). The correct way is:
Internal Style Sheet
An internal style sheet may be used if one single page has a unique style.
Internal styles are defined within the <style> element, inside the <head> section of an HTML page:
An inline style may be used to apply a unique style for a single element.
To use inline styles, add the style attribute to the relevant element. Thestyle attribute can contain any CSS property.
The example below shows how to changethe color and the left margin of a <h1> element:
Tip: An inline style loses many of the advantages of a style sheet (by mixing content with presentation). Use this method sparingly
Multiple Style Sheet
If some properties have been defined for the same selector (element) in different style sheets, the value from the last read style sheet will be used.
Assume that an external style sheet has the following style for the <h1> element:
then, assume that an internal style sheet also has the following style for the <h1> element:
If the internal style is defined after the link to the external style sheet, the <h1> elements will be "orange":
However, if the internal style is defined before the link to the external style sheet, the <h1> elements will be "navy":
What style will be used when there is more than one style specified for an HTML element?
Generally speaking we can say that all the styles will "cascade" into a new "virtual" style sheet by the following rules, where number one has the highest priority:
So, an inline style (inside a specific HTML element) has the highest priority, which means that it will override a style defined inside the <head> tag, or inan external style sheet, or a browser default value.Try it Yourself