Thu Aug 11 2016 15:49:17 GMT+0530 (India Standard Time)
or as a number:
Dates written as numbers, specifies the number of milliseconds since January 1, 1970, 00:00:00.
In this tutorial we use a script to display dates inside a <p> element with id="demo":
The script above says: assign the value of Date() to the content (innerHTML) of the element with id="demo".
You will learn how to display a date, in a more readable format, at the bottom of this page.
Creating Date Objects
The Date object lets us work with dates.
A date consists of a year, a month, a day, an hour, a minute, a second, and milliseconds.
Date objects are created with the new Date() constructor.
There are 4 ways of initiating a date:
Using new Date(), creates a new date object with the current date and time:
Using new Date(date string), creates a new date object from the specified date and time:
Valid date strings (date formats) are described in the next chapter.
Using new Date(number), creates a new date object as zero time plus the number.
Zero time is 01 January 1970 00:00:00 UTC. The number is specified in milliseconds:
Using new Date(7 numbers), creates a new date object with the specified date and time:
The 7 numbers specify the year, month, day, hour, minute, second, and millisecond, in that order:
Variants of the example above let us omit any of the last 4 parameters:
When a Date object is created, a number of methods allow you to operate on it.
Date methods allow you to get and set the year, month, day, hour, minute, second, and millisecond of objects, using either local time or UTC (universal, or GMT) time.
Date methods are covered in a later chapter.
When you display a date object in HTML, it is automatically converted to a string, with the toString() method.
Is the same as:
The toUTCString() method converts a date to a UTC string (a date display standard).
The toDateString() method converts a date to a more readable format:
Date objects are static. The computer time is ticking, but date objects, once created, are not.
When getting a date, without specifying the time zone, the result is converted to the browser's time zone.
In other words: If a date/time is created in GMT (Greenwich Mean Time), the date/time will be converted to CDT (Central US Daylight Time) if a user browses from central US.
Read more about time zones in the next chapters.